Financial Risk is like driving a motorcycle or a car. If you speed down the highway on a motorcycle without a helmet, your risk of an accident is increases. If you ride the same motorcycle at lower speeds and wear a helmet, you reduce your risk but incur more risk
than driving a car. However, travel by both motorcycle and car carry some risk; up to 100 years ago, Americans routinely were killed in horse accidents. If you never leave your home, you eliminate transportation risk but you’re now completely immobile!
Risk takes many forms in the complex financial world we live in. I define “risk” as “unexpected” (usually “unwanted”) outcomes. Unwanted outcomes can occur if:
1. You take NO action when you should have taken SOME action (e.g. ignore insurance risk)
2. You take INSUFFICIENT action (e.g. ignore your investments)
3. You OVER-REACT (e.g. liquidate your investments when the going gets tough, sit on cash and miss the next market rebound).
Financial risk can’t be avoided completely – wisdom is knowing what you CAN control (examples below) and what you CAN’T (e.g. markets, world events).
Here are examples of Risk when you take NO action:
1. You have old or NO estate document – you die suddenly and all hell breaks loose since the State of NJ will decide how your assets are distributed and you will be the guardian of your minor children.
2. Your old IRA accounts list your ex-spouse as primary beneficiary because you never removed his or her name. You die and your ex-spouse inherits these investments.
3. You ignore tax efficiencies (and tax inefficiencies) when you buy or sell investments or make other decisions with tax consequences.
4. You believe the US government will “be there” if you need nursing home care –you decide long-term care insurance is “too expensive” since “you might not need it.” You’re not aware Medicare offers limited coverage if you’re discharged from a hospital. You’re foggy about Medicaid rules (which require you spend down virtually all your assets) and think your spouse can take care of you if you need help.
5. Most of your net worth is tied to your business but it hasn’t been properly valued and you have no exit strategy.
Here are examples of Risks you incur with family when you STICK YOUR HEAD IN THE SAND:
6. You want your child/children to go to XYZ University, even if you can’t really afford it. You ignore the adage “you can borrow for college but not for retirement.” You want the best for your child/children and hope retirement somehow will take care of itself. Unfortunately you just spent down your entire retirement nest egg on college tuition – driving up the risk of outliving your assets.
7. You don’t feel you’ll live past average life expectancy. You’ve worked hard – why not enjoy life by buying and doing things that give you pleasure – and stop worrying about the future?
8. You have ideas or dreams about retirement but you don’t discuss these with your spouse because it doesn’t occur to you, or you want to avoid an argument.
9. Your aging parent(s) have the potential to suck you into a financial hole but you avoid having an open, non-confrontational discussion (possibly with a professional present) to address these issues.
Here are examples of Risk caused by INSUFFICIENT or EXCESSIVE reactions to portfolio and market events:
10. You’re convinced the sky is falling (again –as it did in 2008 and other times). You liquidate your holdings to cash. Perhaps you use some of this to buy silver or gold because “it’s solid, will retain value and is an inflation hedge.” It’s time to retire – how will you extract income from silver or gold coins? How will you fund retirement with an asset (cash) that shrinks each year since it lags inflation?
11. You act on investment advice from your neighbor, brother-in-law or an advisor who isn’t credentialed or sells products – you’re told the smart thing to do is invest 100% of your assets in commodities – or energy – or in annuities.
12. Most of your investments are pegged to your employer stock – you fail to diversify.
13. You ignore your investments – you have no clear idea how they’re doing because you shove your statements into a drawer or
don’t open them at all.
Do any of these 13 examples of Financial Risk sound uncomfortably familiar? If so, make smart choices with your money and invest in objective, qualified advice from professionals who don’t mix advice-giving with product sales: Fee-Only financial advisors, estate and elder care attorneys, therapists (for family issues), CPAs and business valuation experts.
Copyright © 2012 by Eve Kaplan